The Dumb show
image and society in the works of William Hogarth
Volume Editors: Frédéric Ogée
Series Collaborators: Michel Baridon, David Bindman, Jacques Carré, Pierre Georgel, Bernd Krysmanski, Marie-Madeleine Martinet, Frédéric Ogée, Roy Porter, Peter Wagner
Publication Date: 1997
During the first half of the eighteenth century in England the ‘forces of progress’ became increasingly conservative as their grip on power was confirmed. Hogarth’s position as the promoter of an authentically English art was therefore ambiguous, considering his origins, the intellectual milieu in which he moved, and the necessity he was under of defending his endeavours against attacks from all sides. The essays in this volume examine this ambiguity, and draw a composite picture of an exceptionally gifted artist, whose social and artistic involvement engaged him in a permanent search for the ‘line of beauty’, which he found only in a progressive weaving between centre and margins. In pictorial terms, this ambivalence may well account for the ‘dramatic’ proliferation which is one of the most remarkable characteristics of Hogarth’s art. His ‘stage’, where his men and women, his ‘players’, were to ‘exhibit a dumb show’, was a busy crossroads of ideas and influences. The richness and ambivalence of his pictures result from his boldest artistic originality: his adoption of a polycentric stage, on which the ‘dumb show’ exhibited by his ‘players’ offers concomitant areas of meaning. Moreover, they invite the beholder to a serpentine act of deciphering and verbalisation which the essays in this volume both describe and materialise. Each from a different perspective – social, artistic, formal, philosophical – explores the characteristics and raison d’etre of that polycentrism in Hogarth’s art. Linked thematically to each other, the essays combine to assess the true nature of Hogarth’s variety and show the critical consequences of its essential ambivalent sinuosity.
List of illustrations
Preface and acknowledgements
Frederic Ogee, Introduction
Jacque Carre, Artist and artistes in Hogarth’s works
Roy Porter, Capital art: Hogarth’s London
Peter Wagner, The discourse on crime in Hogarth’s graphic works
Frederic Ogee, ‘And Universal Darkness buries All’: Hogarth and excess
Pierre Georgel, ‘The most contemptible meanness that lines can be formed into’?: Hogarth and the ‘other’ arts
Peter Wagner, The artist at work: a (de)constructive view of Hogarth’s Beer Street
David Bindman, The nature of satire in the ‘modern moral subjects’
Bernd Krysmanski, Hagarty, not Hogarth? The true defender of English ‘wit and humour’
Marie-Madeleine Martinet, Oblique perspectives as ironical point of view in Hoghart’s series of pictures
Michel Baridon, Hogarth the empiricist
List of works cited
Notes on contributors
Index of persons
The significant contribution of this volume is to demonstrate the folly of squeezing Hogarth’s square pegs into the round holes of traditional artistic identity, stylistic categories and standards of evaluation. […] This volume makes a welcome scholarly intervention by arguing for Hogarth’s eccentricity, the meaningful contradictions that scholars have too often tried to erase, rather than to explore, in Hogarth’s art.
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